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热门关键词: 碘吸附器个人剂量仪,测氡仪辐射报警仪表面污染仪射线防护服多功能辐射仪防护级辐射仪

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3D之家预测

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戈瑞(Gy)和希沃特(Sv)的关系

关键词:戈瑞(Gy),希沃特(Sv) 网址:000zw.com 日期:2018-5-10 17:02:30

3D之家预测GERUI(YINGWENGray,SUOXIEFUHAOGy,YIZUO“GERUI”),JIANCHENG“GE”,SHIYIGEGUOJIDANWEIZHIDAOCHUDANWEI,SHIWULILIANGDIANLIFUSHENENGLIANGXISHOUJILIANG(JIANCHENGXISHOUJILIANG,Absorbed dose)DEBIAOZHUNDANWEI。

1、定义

GERUI(FUHAO:Gy)SHIYONGYUHENGLIANGYOUDIANLIFUSHEDAOZHIDENENGLIANGXISHOUJILIANG(JIANCHENGXISHOUJILIANG,Absorbed dose)DEWULIDANWEI,TAMIAOSHULEDANWEIZHILIANGWUTIXISHOUDIANLIFUSHENENGLIANGDEDAXIAO。CHUCIZHIWAI,GERUIYESHIWULILIANGBISHIDONGNENG(Kerma)DEDANWEI。

1GERUI= 1 JIAOER/QIANKE

QIZHONGJIAOERSHINENGLIANGDEDANWEI,QIANKESHIZHILIANGDEDANWEI。 


2、名称来源

GERUIZHIMINGLAIZIYINGGUOWULIXUEJIA、FANGSHESHENGWUXUEZHIFULUYISI·HALUODE·GERUI(Louis Harold Gray)。

JINZAIMIAOSHUXSHEXIAN、JIAMASHEXIAN、βSHEXIANDEFUSHEJILIANGSHI,GERUIHELINGYIGEDANWEIXIWOTESHIDENGJIADE,YINWEIZHEIJIZHONGFUSHEDEFUSHEQUANZHONGYINSHUDOUSHI1。ERZHEDANWEIXIANGTONG,DANGERUIZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONGYONGYUMIAOSHUFUSHEXISHOUJILIANG(Absorbed dose)DEDAXIAO,XIWOTEZEMIAOSHUDANGLIANGJILIANG(Equivalent dose)。


3、使用

戈瑞主要应用在医学领域,描述放射治疗以及核医学中使用的辐射剂量。

XIWOTE(YINGWENSievert,SUOXIESv;YIMING“XIFU”)SHIYIGEGUOJIDANWEIZHIDAOCHUDANWEI,WEIWULILIANGJILIANGDANGLIANGDEDANWEI,YONGLAIHENGLIANGFUSHEDUISHENGWUZUZHIDEYINGXIANGCHENGDU。


4、定义

XIWOTE(SUOXIESv)SHIYIGEYOUYURENLEIJIANKANGANQUANFANGHUSHANGDEXUYAOERQUEDINGDEJUYOUZHUANMENMINGCHENGDEGUOJIDANWEIZHIDAOCHUDANWEI。WEIWULILIANGJILIANGDANGLIANG(H)、ZHOUWEIJILIANGDANGLIANG、DINGXIANGJILIANGDANGLIANG、GERENJILIANGDANGLIANGDEDANWEI。

DINGYIWEI 1 XIWOTE = 1 JIAOER/GONGJIN(1 Sv = 1 J/kg)。


5、换算

1 Sv = 1000 mSv = 1000000μSv = 10000 erg/g = 100 rem

1 mSv = 1000 μSv

1 μSv/hr = 8.76 mSv/year (YINIAN 8760 XIAOSHIJISUAN, 1 WEIXIWOTE/XIAOSHI = 8.76 HAOXIWOTE/NIAN)

3D之家预测1 rem = 10-2 Sv= 100 erg/g (1 rem= 100 ERGE/KE)


6、名称

XIWOTEDEYINGWENWEISievert,DEMINGYURUIDIANSHENGWUWULIXUEJIALUOERFU·MAKEXIMILIAN·XIWOTE(Rolf Maximilian Sievert)。

ANZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOGUOJIABIAOZHUN《LIANGHEDANWEI》(GB 3100-93JIGB 3102.10-93)ZHONGDEGUIDING,SievertDEZHONGWENMINGFADINGCHENGWEIXIWOTE。

SHIYONGJILIANGDANGLIANGDEDINGYIWEI:ZAIYAOYANJIUDEZUZHIZHONG,MOUDIANCHUDEXISHOUJILIANGD、PINZHIYINSHUQHEQITAYIQIEXIUZHENGYINSHUNDECHENGJI,H=DQN。

JUTIDESHENGWUZUZHISHANGHAIBUZHIQUJUEYUNENGLIANGMIDU,YEHEBUTONGDEFUSHELAIYUAN、BUTONGSHENGWU,HUOTONGYISHENGWUDEBUTONGBUFENYOUGUAN。ZAIJISUANDESHIHOU,YAOKAOLVJINLIANGGEEWAIYINZIQHEN,RANHOUZHULEIANZHILIANG(dm)JIFENJISUAN.


PINZHIYINSHUQ

PINZHIYINSHUQYONGLAIQUBIEBUTONGZHONGLEIDEFUSHE:

GUANGZI,BULUNNENGLIANG: Q = 1

DIANZIHEμZI,BULUNNENGLIANG: Q = 1

ZHONGZI

能量 < 10keV: Q = 5

10keV < 能量 < 100keV: Q = 10

100keV < 能量 < 2MeV: Q = 20

2MeV < 能量 < 20MeV: Q = 10

NENGLIANG > 20MeV: Q = 5

αLIZIHEQITAHEZI:Q = 20


XIUZHENGYINSHUN

XIUZHENGYINSHUNYONGLAIHENGLIANGBUTONGQIGUANHESHENGWUTISHOUYINGXIANGDECHENGDUHEBUTONGSHENGWUTI:

3D之家预测LUANCHAOHEGAOWAN: N = 0.20

GUSUI、DACHANG、FEI、WEI:N = 0.12

BANGGUANG, NAO、RUFANG、SHENZANG、GAN、JIROU、SHIDAO、YIXIAN、XIAOCHANG、PIZANG、JIAZHUANGXIAN、ZIGONG: N = 0.05

3D之家预测GUZHI、PIFU:N = 0.01

BINGDU、XIJUN、YUANSHENGDONGWU:N ≈ 0.03 - 0.0003

KUNCHONG:N ≈ 0.1 -0.002

3D之家预测RUANTIDONGWU:N ≈ 0.06 - 0.006

ZHIWU:N ≈ 2 -0.02

3D之家预测YULEI: N ≈ 0.75-0.03

3D之家预测LIANGQIDONGWU:N ≈ 0.4-0.14

PAXINGDONGWU: N ≈ 1-0.075

NIAOLEI:N ≈ 0.6-0.15

RENLEI: N = 1

QUANQIUPINGJUNDEBEIJINGJILIANGWEIMEINIANMEIREN2.4HAOXIWOTE(mSv)


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